医療看護研究会誌 第12巻1号
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順天堂大学医療看護学部 医療看護研究 第12巻1号(2015)25Original ArticleAbstractThe Eectiveness of Aromatherapy Interventions in Preoperative Patients with Benign Gynecological DiseasesObjective:The study aimed to examine the physiological and psychological eects of aromatherapy performed as a nursing intervention on the day before surgery on patients with benign gynecological diseases.Methods:The study involved a total of 30 patients (10 patients/group). For Group EM, aromatherapy was performed as a nursing intervention using the M techniqueⓇ and applying a sweet orange essential oil diluted for touching. For Group M, aromatherapy was performed as a nursing intervention using the M techniqueⓇ and applying only a carrier oil. Group C, which was the control group, received regular nursing care. The salivary amylase level, blood pressure, heart rate, and POMS were measured for each patient in each group before and after the intervention.Results:No signicant dierences were noted among the intervention groups in blood pressure, heart rate, or salivary amylase level as physiological indicators. Dierences were noted among the three groups in the salivary amylase level as an indicator of existing stress level. The POMS, used as a psychological indicator, tended to be lower in Group EM than in Group C in the category of fatigue.Discussion:The physiological indicators showed that intervention using the M techniqueⓇ can be safely conducted. In addition, the intervention tended to show fatigue- and stress-reducing eects in Group EM. Thus, considering that the intervention requires a clinically feasible time frame, the study suggests that it would be meaningful to perform aromatherapy as a nursing intervention on the day before surgery on patients with benign gynecological diseases.  Key words:aromatherapy, benign gynecological diseases, preoperative nursing, touching

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